The process to end a pregnancy is termed ‘abortion’. It involves removal of the embryo from the uterus before it can reach viability. An abortion can be induced through surgery or medicine, or can occur accidentally. Colloquially, abortion refers to an induced end to pregnancy, while an accidental end is termed ‘miscarriage’.
Abortion has been a source of considerable controversy throughout human history. Methods to abort unwanted or undesired pregnancies have been recorded in the earliest of human civilizations, dating back to the ancient Egyptians. Since abortion involves the termination of a probable human life (because the embryo hasn’t yet reached viability), it has generally been either illegal through much of human history. In most modern societies, however, abortion continues to be legal, while still generating raging debates over its ethical and legal viability.
As a medical procedure, abortion is fairly straightforward and can be induced either through a minimally invasive surgery, or medically through the administration of certain drugs. The feasibility of the two abortion methods depends on the embryo development stage. In early stage pregnancies – up to 9 weeks – medical abortion is advised over surgical abortion since it is cheaper, safer, and has a 96% success rate. After the first 9 weeks, abortion can be performed only through surgical methods such as vacuum abortion performed through suction-aspiration, or Dilation & Evacuation (D&E), an advanced method more appropriate for pregnancies between the 15th to 26th weeks. When performed by a trained professional, abortion is among the safest medical procedures in the world. Yet, unsafe abortions performed by people without adequate training result in 70,000 maternal deaths and 5 million acute disabilities every year.
Abortion raises a host of ethical issues since it basically involves the termination of a probable human life. Debates rage as to when and whether a developing embryo can still be termed as ‘human’, and if it is legally and ethically justifiable to terminate such an embryo before it can develop into a human being. Abortion raises a plethora of religious issues as well, since most religions consider the developing embryo to be human, making abortion the equivalent of murder (at least in religious terms). Proponents of abortion point to the fact that an embryo doesn’t develop ‘life’ until late into the pregnancy, and that societal and personal issues might at times make it safer to abort an embryo than to carry it to viability (especially in cases of rape).
The legality of abortion varies from region to region and state to state. Laws also vary according to the mental and physical state of the woman in question, and whether the pregnancy was the result of sexual assault. By and large, abortion is legal in much of the developed world for adults, while the legality varies from state to state in developing countries.
Abortion Thesis Statement Examples:
* The psychological and physiological dangers of unwanted pregnancies necessitate the legalization and easy availability of abortion facilities.
* The psychological and medical exigencies associated with an abortion necessitate the consent of a parent or guardian before a minor can undergo an abortion.
* The debate over the legal and ethical viability of abortion has been complicated by the lack of consensus in defining whether a developing embryo can be equated with a human life.
* An objective analysis of the abortion debate without the inclusion of religious objections to the practice is required if we are to come to a consensus over its ethical and legal viability.
* The consent of parents should be a must before a minor opts for abortion procedure.
* A majority of people feel that therapeutic abortions are necessary as they are pro-life.