Diabetes Mellitus or Diabetes, as it is commonly known – is one of the most rapidly spreading diseases in the world. According to the World Health Organization, there were nearly 171 million people suffering from diabetes in 2000 and the number is projected to increase to 366 million by the year 2030.
Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder in which the amount of insulin produced by the body falls below the normal range. Insulin is normally responsible for lowering the blood sugar level in the body. In the absence of adequate amount of insulin, the blood sugar levels increase leading to symptoms like frequent urination, extreme thirst and increased hunger. There are primarily two types of diabetes – Type I and Type II diabetes. The former is caused when the body is unable to produce sufficient quantity of insulin while the latter is due to the inability of the body to respond to insulin.
Diabetes can either be genetic or acquired in nature. The rapidly growing number of people suffering from diabetes has forced the Center for Disease Control to declare it an epidemic. In the United States of America, nearly 26 million people were diagnosed with diabetes while 57 million had pre-diabetes. Experts believe that a major cause behind these increasing figures is the change in lifestyle brought about by the forces of urbanization and capitalization. The significant change in dietary patterns and the shift from home cooked meals to high calorie junk food has played a crucial role in the spread of Type II diabetes which is the more prevalent form of diabetes in developed nations by a huge margin. In USA, 90% of the people suffering from diabetes belong to the Type II category. At the same time however, diabetes is spreading at a rampant rate in Asia and Africa as well and it is estimated that by 2030, the majority of diabetes patients will be found in these continents.
Not only is diabetes a major health hazard, it is a prominent financial burden on the national economy as well. According to an estimate by the National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse, there is an annual expenditure of $132 billion on diabetes in the United States of America.
Diabetes Thesis Statement Examples:
* The change in normal lifestyle and dietary habits, the prevalence of sedentary jobs, the growing number of fast food chains, especially in developed countries, leads to obesity and related health problems. This has also lead to an increase in the number of people suffering from diabetes.
* There has been an increase in the instance of gestational diabetes i.e. when pregnant women develop symptoms of diabetes after childbirth. In many cases, there are chances that the child might also have diabetes. Thus, apart from acquiring diabetes as a product of lifestyle changes, genetic diabetes is also adding to the already huge number of diabetes patients.
* The epidemic of diabetes must be battled with great urgency both because of its medical implications and economic strain that it exerts on the global economy.
* Diabetes must be recognized as being catastrophic not just for individual health but also for national economies, especially in third world nations.
* Since most people do not exercise regularly the problem of diabetes is only compounding.
* Because of constant stress and work related pressures diabetic persons are unable to manage diabetes properly.