Category Archives: Thesis Statement Examples

Abortion Thesis Statement Examples

The process to end a pregnancy is termed ‘abortion’. It involves removal of the embryo from the uterus before it can reach viability. An abortion can be induced through surgery or medicine, or can occur accidentally. Colloquially, abortion refers to an induced end to pregnancy, while an accidental end is termed ‘miscarriage’.

Abortion has been a source of considerable controversy throughout human history. Methods to abort unwanted or undesired pregnancies have been recorded in the earliest of human civilizations, dating back to the ancient Egyptians. Since abortion involves the termination of a probable human life (because the embryo hasn’t yet reached viability), it has generally been either illegal through much of human history. In most modern societies, however, abortion continues to be legal, while still generating raging debates over its ethical and legal viability.

As a medical procedure, abortion is fairly straightforward and can be induced either through a minimally invasive surgery, or medically through the administration of certain drugs. The feasibility of the two abortion methods depends on the embryo development stage. In early stage pregnancies – up to 9 weeks – medical abortion is advised over surgical abortion since it is cheaper, safer, and has a 96% success rate. After the first 9 weeks, abortion can be performed only through surgical methods such as vacuum abortion performed through suction-aspiration, or Dilation & Evacuation (D&E), an advanced method more appropriate for pregnancies between the 15th to 26th weeks. When performed by a trained professional, abortion is among the safest medical procedures in the world. Yet, unsafe abortions performed by people without adequate training result in 70,000 maternal deaths and 5 million acute disabilities every year.

Abortion raises a host of ethical issues since it basically involves the termination of a probable human life. Debates rage as to when and whether a developing embryo can still be termed as ‘human’, and if it is legally and ethically justifiable to terminate such an embryo before it can develop into a human being. Abortion raises a plethora of religious issues as well, since most religions consider the developing embryo to be human, making abortion the equivalent of murder (at least in religious terms). Proponents of abortion point to the fact that an embryo doesn’t develop ‘life’ until late into the pregnancy, and that societal and personal issues might at times make it safer to abort an embryo than to carry it to viability (especially in cases of rape).

The legality of abortion varies from region to region and state to state. Laws also vary according to the mental and physical state of the woman in question, and whether the pregnancy was the result of sexual assault. By and large, abortion is legal in much of the developed world for adults, while the legality varies from state to state in developing countries.

Abortion Thesis Statement Examples:

* The psychological and physiological dangers of unwanted pregnancies necessitate the legalization and easy availability of abortion facilities.

* The psychological and medical exigencies associated with an abortion necessitate the consent of a parent or guardian before a minor can undergo an abortion.

* The debate over the legal and ethical viability of abortion has been complicated by the lack of consensus in defining whether a developing embryo can be equated with a human life.

* An objective analysis of the abortion debate without the inclusion of religious objections to the practice is required if we are to come to a consensus over its ethical and legal viability.

* The consent of parents should be a must before a minor opts for abortion procedure.

* A majority of people feel that therapeutic abortions are necessary as they are pro-life.

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Global Warming Thesis Statement Examples

The consistently rising temperature of the earth’s atmosphere is termed as global warming. This rising temperature is largely attributed to human activities and coincided with the massive industrialization of the 19th century. Since then, global temperatures have been steadily rising – a process accelerated in the past three decades by rapid industrialization across the developing world and the increasing concentration of greenhouse gases effected by this industrialization.

Statistically, average global temperatures have shot up by more than 0.8C since the turn of the twentieth century. This is expected to increase exponentially within the coming decades, with estimates ranging from an average increase of 1.1C to 6.4C, although there is no consensus among scientists regarding this figure.

The causes of global warming have been traced to human actions, particularly the excessive burning of fossil fuels and rapid deforestation across the world. Burning fossil fuels release greenhouse gases such as CO2 into the atmosphere. These gases act as an insulating layer, preventing the sun’s heat from reflecting back into space and thus, contributing to increased global temperatures (i.e. like a greenhouse). Rapid deforestation contributes to this process as CO2 consuming vegetative cover is destroyed, leading to an excess of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.

Global warming presents a particularly pressing challenge to human society, even threatening the very survival of the species. Rising temperatures have been linked to highly unstable climate patterns, melting polar caps and glaciers, which, in turn contributes to rising sea levels and reduced quantities of fresh water. Global warming puts excessive strain on natural systems to sustain a growing human population – a situation that is not sustainable in the long term.

Response to mitigate the effects of global warming have largely focused on reducing the emission of greenhouse gases, increased afforestation and using alternative fuels of energy to reduce our dependency on fossil fuels.

However, most efforts to curb and control global warming have been sabotaged by the politics surrounding the issue. Many advocates of industrialization claim that global warming is caused by natural and not human factors. Additionally, developing countries claim that laws that curb their greenhouse gas emissions are anti-competitive and reduce the efficiency of their industries. Consequently, the intense debate surrounding the issue and the lack of scientific consensus has contributed to poor handling of the global warming crisis.

Global Warming Thesis Statement Examples:

* The politics associated with global warming has sabotaged efforts to curb and control this environmental crisis. The need of the hour is for the various factions to reconcile their differences and work together to retard the effects of global warming.

* The apparent lack of scientific consensus regarding global warming is smokescreen to obfuscate the agendas of oil-reliant industries.

* Global warming, as the term implies, is a global issue and cannot be tackled locally. Thus, international co-operation is the need of the hour if we are to curb and control this phenomenon.

* Greenhouse gas emissions from power plants are one of the largest contributors to rising global temperatures. A greater emphasis on cleaner, alternative sources of energy is the need of the hour to retard the upwards incline of global temperatures.

* Global warming has contributed to wildly unpredictable seasonal patterns.

* Causes lie in one area and the Effect emerges in another area. Hence, global warming is truly a global issue and needs to be tackled collectively by all the nations.

* Deforestation, though in play over the last 20 years, has not caused as much global warming as the emissions of gases from fossil fuels in the Southern African region.

* Global warming is seen to have led to the emergence of new diseases.

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Domestic Violence Thesis Statement Examples

Domestic violence is defined as consistently abusive behavior by one person against another involved in an intimate relationship, such as dating, marriage, etc. What constitutes domestic abuse may vary within different legal frameworks, but generally, any form of emotional, physical or sexual abuse can be construed as domestic violence. Domestic violence is alternatively also called spousal abuse, battering, and family violence.

Domestic violence is recognized as a criminal offense in almost all countries across the world. Yet, it remains a common occurrence, almost on a pandemic scale, that often goes unpunished because of the hidden nature of abuse by one partner against another in an intimate relationship. Therefore, most attempts to counter and control domestic violence are directed towards raising awareness of this crime, and changing commonly held perceptions against it.

Domestic violence isn’t limited to physical abuse alone and incorporates sexual, emotional and mental abuse as well. Physical abuse, though, is the most common form of domestic violence and includes a pattern of hitting, battery, punching, kicking, burning, etc. though this may vary from state to state. Largely, physical abuse may be defined as any abuse that involves physical contact meant to cause intimidation, pain, harm and/or physical injury.

Sexual abuse is another form of domestic violence and is usually manifested in the shape of marital/spousal rape or any sexual act performed through coercion or intimidation (physical or psychological). Sexual abuse is particularly difficult to detect because of its intimate nature.

Domestic violence can also include emotional abuse, verbal abuse, and even economic abuse. The last, economic abuse is especially common in developing economies where one partner often controls all the finances and thus, can withhold money to a partner.

The effects of domestic violence, both in the long and the short-term can be extremely detrimental to the physical, psychological and financial health of the victim. A pressing issue is the effect on the psychological health of children who witness spousal abuse. Since most domestic violence follows cyclical patterns, the effects can be especially devastating to all involved parties in the long term. Consequently, several measures have been adopted by most countries to battle domestic violence, from raising awareness about the issues at hand, to instigating victims to come out and express their plight. Offenders are often either punished by strict sentences, or offered counseling and therapy, especially for solitary, less severe incidents.

Domestic Violence Thesis Statement Examples:

* The personal, intimate nature of domestic violence makes it especially difficult to detect, despite being widespread across most societies. Consequently, children, neighbors, relatives or friends of the involved parties must be trained to detect, identify and report incidents of domestic violence if this crime is to be controlled effectively.

* Domestic violence cannot be categorized merely as a personal crime since victims of domestic abuse often suffer from depression, stress, and poor work performance, which, subsequently, affects the health of the national economy. Domestic violence, thus, must be identified as a public, national crime.

* Counseling and therapy are often more effective methods to control domestic violence than harsh punishment methods.

* In times of economic recessions, increasing unemployment and social instability leads to greater incidents of domestic violence.

* Domestic violence makes the sufferer less productive and dejected.

* Though innovative methods have been proposed in countering domestic violence in the United States, the problem still persists.

* Socio-cultural factors are responsible for the rise of domestic violence in the South Asian community living in the United States.

* The effect of unemployment on married life – Unemployment is a cause of domestic violence between couples.

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Death Penalty Thesis Statement Examples

The death penalty, or capital punishment, refers to punishment by death imparted to a person by a state or a legal framework. Because of the nature of the punishment, the death penalty raises a plethora of human-rights issues, which, consequently, has led to its abolishment in a majority of countries across the globe. However, despite the controversies surrounding it, it is still practiced in one form or another in about 58 countries.

The death penalty has been a staple form of punishment throughout human history and across societies, largely reserved for perpetrators of especially heinous crimes (the qualitative judgment of which varies from society to society). These crimes may be perpetrated against individuals (such as murder, rape, adultery, etc.) or against societies collectively (espionage, treason, heresy). Historical records indicate that the death penalty has been practiced in human societies stretching back to the earliest periods of recorded history as a punitive form of justice. The crimes that may be punished with the death penalty vary from society to society, in the past, as in the present.

The methods for carrying out the execution or death penalty have varied throughout history as well. The word ‘capital punishment’ itself is derived from the Latin word, capitalis (‘relating to the head’) since it was originally carried out through decapitation. Methods for carrying out capital punishment have ranged from boiling to death, flaying, disembowelment, impalement, stoning, shooting with a gun, dismemberment, etc. In recent history, methods for capital punishment have moved progressively towards the more human, particularly in the first world. In the few first world societies that still practice the death penalty, death by lethal injection is the execution method of choice, selected because of its quick, efficient, and pain-free nature.

The death penalty has been, for obvious reasons, a massive source of controversy in most countries across the world in the past few decades. Besides issues of human rights, questions of the ethical and even legal right of the state to impart punishment by death have been raised vociferously by advocates of the abolishment of the death penalty. Presently, the death penalty has been scrapped completely by 97 countries, while the 58 countries that actively practice it face overwhelming global pressure to abolish this punishment completely. With a progressive move towards more humane methods of punishment, it is only a matter of time before the death penalty is struck off completely from all law books.

Death Penalty Thesis Statement Examples:

* Humane treatment of criminals and the ensuing low crime rates in Scandinavian countries like Norway and Sweden has shown that reform rather than punitive punishment should be the driving force behind all convictions, making the death penalty a redundant throwback to a medieval form of justice.

* The death penalty should be reserved for the rarest of the rare cases.

* In some cases, where rehabilitation and reform aren’t possible, death penalty is a justifiable option.

* Since the state has no powers to give life, it cannot exercise its power to take human life either. The philosophical and ethical basis for the death penalty, thus, is fundamentally shaky.

* The complicated legal process and the high costs involved in the pre-trial and trial phase for the death penalty makes it an economically unsound method of punishment.

* Without a completely fool-proof justice system, the risk of putting innocent people to death via capital punishment cannot be ruled out. The death penalty, consequently, must be abolished.

* Penalty or punishment are measures falling in the realm of human error and human disciplining: Capital punishment puts out abruptly and brutally the flame out of the life of the human being himself; Discourse on why it should be abolished and the dignity of the human being restored and the right to life upheld.

* If the aim of legal punishment is prevention of crime, are there no other methods to prevent crime? Crimes are situational, impulsive, extreme acts and not so much personal acts committed with permanent destructive instinct: retribution and not extinction should be preferred.

* Imprisonment is as good as denial of main fruits of life: A prison is a unisex world where every inmate is stigmatized and has to carry on tightly scheduled activities in the company of strangers; the inmates are deprived of liberty, privileges, emotional security etc. Why capital punishment when life imprisonment can also cause pain and yet leave scope for reform and retribution.

* The danger with having the death penalty “on the books” is that it can be broadened if a government goes completely statist and politicians may use it for something other than murder… to settle political scores.

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Autism Thesis Statement Examples

Autism is a neural development disorder which inhibits the normal growth and development of a child within a social environment. An autistic person finds it difficult to socially communicate with people and can’t relate to social norms in a way a normal person can. Autism is caused when the neuron synaptic junctions in the brain fail to develop normally due to a chromosomal deficiency. These junctions are responsible for normal cognition and recognition abilities. As they remain underdeveloped in an autistic patient, their cognitive processes are also inhibited.

The signs and symptoms of autism are visible right from childhood. In children showing signs of autism, all the regular milestones like responding to his/her name, reciprocating a gesture like a smile, development of speech etc. are delayed by a few months or some of them might never happen at all. But again, all these are vague indicators of the presence of autism. There are no clinical pathological tests which can confirm the diagnosis of the disorder even among adults. It can be diagnosed only by analysing abnormal behaviour patterns and impaired social communication abilities.

In the United States of America, the prevalence of autism is estimated at 9 per 1000 people while it is about 1-2 per 1000 people across the globe. Interestingly, there was a rapid increase in the number of autistic people from the year 1990 to 2000. This increase has largely been attributed to a change in diagnostic means and the acceptance of a broader definition of autism within medical circles.

People suffering from autism require specialised care and attention all through their lives. Strictly speaking, there is no medically proven cure for autism though the intensity of the symptoms can be reduced by proper medication and therapy. Different approaches have been established to manage autism – some involve speech and language therapy while others involve applied behavior analysis. The major objective however remains the same – improving the quality of the life of the patients and making them as independent as is possible.

Autism shares some of its symptoms and other features with Asperger’s Syndrome and Pervasive Developmental Disorder – not otherwise specified, all of which fall under the category of Autism Spectrum Disorders or ASD’s.

Autism Thesis Statement Examples:

* There is a huge debate about how to approach autism. One faction believes that autism patients should be treated as suffering from a neurological disorder. The other faction insists that autism should be accepted as a difference and people suffering from it should be treated accordingly.

* Several studies have shown that people suffering from autism are more prone to violence and aggressive behaviour. However, some other studies seem to contradict this generally accepted view declaring that those autistic patients who show signs of violence also show symptoms of other forms of psychosis.

* There is no real consensus among the medical fraternity regarding autism statistics. This discord is a result of the differential diagnosis methods employed for the detection of autism.

* Some experts believe that environmental factors like mercury poisoning, dietary habits and vaccine sensitivity can cause autism. However, none of these theories have been convincingly proven.

* The rise of autism specific parent organizations and support groups has helped in the overall well-being of students suffering from autism in American schools.

* Government needs to do more to tackle the problem of childhood autism – an analysis of the budget allocation towards autism research in the last twenty years.

* Treatment alone cannot provide relief to students with autism. Complete support of family, teachers and classmates can help a great deal.

* Because autism in children leads to family distress, treatment program should cover the family of the autism affected children.

* Vaccination of children is a must. However, some parents believe that certain vaccines are not safe and may cause autism to their children.

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